Containerization for transport has spurred the use of pallets because shipping containers have the smooth, level surfaces needed for easy pallet movement. Many pallets can handle a load of 1,000 kg (2,200 lb). Today along with pallets Los Angeles about half a billion pallets are made each year and about two billion pallets are in use across the United States alone.
Pallets make it easier to move heavy stacks. Loads with pallets under them can be hauled by forklift trucks of different sizes, or even by hand-pumped and hand-drawn pallet jacks. Movement is easy on a wide, strong, flat floor: concrete is excellent. The greatest investment needed for economical pallet use is in the construction of commercial or industrial buildings. Ability to pass through standard doors and buildings make handling more convenient. For this reason, some modern pallet standards are designed to pass through standard doorways, for example the europallet (800 mm x 1200 mm) and the U.S. Military 35 in × 45.5 in (890 mm × 1,160 mm).
Organizations using standard pallets for loading and unloading can have much lower costs for handling and storage, with faster material movement than businesses that do not. The exceptions are establishments that move small items such as jewelry or large items such as cars. But even they can be improved. For instance, the distributors of costume jewelry normally use pallets in their warehouses and car manufacturers use pallets to move components and spare parts.
The lack of a single international standard for pallets causes substantial continuing expense in international trade. A single standard is difficult because of the wide variety of needs a standard pallet would have to satisfy: passing doorways, fitting in standard containers, and bringing low labor costs. For example, organizations already handling large pallets often see no reason to pay the higher handling cost of using smaller pallets that can fit through doors.
A truckload of used wooden pallets Los Angeles
Due to cost and a need to focus on core business, pallet pooling becomes more and more common. Some pallet suppliers supply users with reusable pallets, sometimes with integral tracking devices. A pallet management company can help supply, clean, repair, and reuse pallets.
Heavy duty pallets are a form of reusable packaging and are designed to be used multiple times. Light weight pallets are designed for a single use. In the EU, government legislation based on the Waste Framework Directive requires the reuse of packaging items in preference to recycling and disposal.
Standardization and regulation
Wooden pallets typically consist of three or four stringers that support several deckboards, on top of which goods are placed. In a pallet measurement, the first number is the stringer length and the second is the deckboard length. Square or nearly square pallets help a load resist tipping.
Two-way pallets are designed to be lifted by the deckboards. The standard 48×40 North American pallet, or GMA pallet, has stringers of 48 inches and deckboards of 40 inches, and was standardized by the Grocery Manufacturers Association. A standard wooden pallet (48 in × 40 in × 6 in or 122 cm × 102 cm × 15 cm) with a static load bearing capacity of 3 short tons (2.7 long tons; 2.7 t) and a 1-short-ton (0.89-long-ton; 0.91 t) dynamic capacity, will weigh approximately 33 to 48 lb (15 to 22 kg) Lightweight plastic pallets can weigh as little as 3 to 15 pounds (1.4 to 6.8 kg), while heavier models may weight up to 300 pounds (140 kg). “Standard GMA pallets can hold up to 460 pounds (210 kg). GMA pallets typically weighs 37 pounds (17 kg), and are 6 1⁄2 inches (170 mm) tall. Their deck boards measure 3 1⁄4 inches (83 mm) wide and are 5⁄16 inch (7.9 mm) thick each. Other dimensions of pallets have different weight capacities.
Heavy duty IPPC Pallets are approximately 44 inches (1,118 mm) wide by 48 inches (1,219 mm) long, have three wood stringers that are a nominal 4 inches (102 mm) high by 3 inches (76 mm) wide timber, and weigh about 135 pounds (61 kg). Their deck is fully covered by 30 mm (1.18 in) plywood, and is painted in blue in European and Russian countries .
Four-way pallets, or pallets for heavy loads (or general-purpose systems that might have heavy loads) are best lifted by their more rigid stringers. These pallets are usually heavier, bigger and more durable than two-way pallets.
Pallet users want pallets to easily pass through buildings, to stack and fit in racks, to be accessible to forklifts and pallet jacks and to function in automated warehouses. To avoid shipping air, pallets should also pack tightly inside intermodal containers and vans.
No universally accepted standards for pallet dimensions exist. Companies and organizations utilize hundreds of different pallet sizes around the globe. [pallets los angeles] While no single dimensional standard governs pallet production, a few different sizes are widely used.
When Choosing Pallets, You Need To Know What Material You Need
To make an informed decision when choosing pallets, it’s important you understand the implications and relevance of these key factors. Wooden pallets at their very core can be divided into two main groups based on their construction material. This will either be hard or softwood. Typically, hardwood is more expensive yet stronger, but softwoods such as pine are readily available and ideal for kiln drying to adhere to ISPM 15 regulations.
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Once you have determined the wood you require for your pallet, you need to work out the style of pallet you require. There are two main categories of pallet; stringer pallets and block pallets. A stringer pallet is a two-way pallet, where three or more parallel pieces of timber make up the frame. Block pallets are more robust and made for heavier loads and four-way entry.
Once both the type of wood and the style of pallet have been determined, you must pick the size of your pallet. There are many options of pallet sizes available. These include; UK standard sizes, Euro standard, ISO standard, CP and more. To ensure you pick the right size pallet you need to confirm where you will be shipping as different countries adhere to different standards.
If you are going to be sending your goods overseas then you need to ensure that you use ISPM 15 heat treated pallets. This eliminates the potential for cross-contamination and the spread of invasive species Whilst this standard is widely adopted, some countries are still in the process.
Here is the Complete List of Current Compliant Countries.
Another factor to consider when choosing pallets is whether the pallet is new or used. With both types, there are advantages and disadvantages. Depending on your requirements and budget, this will help you work out which will be more beneficial for you.
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You will also need to consider if you need to add any additional accessories. These are optional extras, but they are there to ensure your shipment is secured in transit. Two common accessories are pallet collars and pallet wrapping.
Overall, there are many factors that will help determine which pallet to buy.
Learn which wooden pallets will meet your needs
Ensuring your select the correct pallets for your needs is of vital business importance. This can help you maximise and protect shipments, making sure they arrive at their intended destination whilst not costing you the world.
There are so many different pallets available it’s sometimes hard to know which one you should order for your business.
Do you need a heat treated pallet for instance? Or should you buy UK or Euro standard sizes? Maybe you’re unsure if you should buy new or used?
Whatever your requirements then the following will help shed some light on the nuances and complexities of the pallet world and help you make an informed decision for your next pallet purchase.
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